Electives

  • AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY

    In this course students will learn about the political, economic, social, religious and cultural factors that have influenced African American life, come face to face with individuals who changed the course of history, and explore how the African American story still influences current events today.

    AGRISCIENCE, INTRODUCTION TO

    Students will learn more about the development and maintenance of agriculture, animal systems, natural resources and other food sources.

    AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE 1a & 1b

    Introduction to American Sign Language is the third most commonly used language in North America. Students will be introduced to vocabulary and simple sentences so that they can start communicating immediately. Students will explore Deaf culture – social beliefs, traditions, history, values and communities influenced by deafness. Students will learn more about this language and its grammatical structures. Students will expand their vocabulary by exploring interesting topics like Deaf education and Deaf arts and culture. REQUIRED: Digital camera or camera phone.

    ANTHROPOLOGY 1a & 1b

    In this course students will trace the history of homo sapiens and explore our evolutionary trail. It sheds light on how we forged our way and developed all of the things that make us human, such as our cultures, languages, and religions. ANTHROPOLOGY 1b. Many of our ancient cultures and languages were shaped by the geographical locations of our ancestors, and in this course, you will begin to visualize new ideas about how ancient cultures flourished through examining their views on life, death, art, and survival. In looking back and learning about cultures through the ages, we are better equipped to understand the world around us today.

    ARCHAEOLOGY

    George Santayana once said, “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it”. The field of archaeology helps us to better understand the events and societies of the past that have helped to shape our modern world. This course focuses on these techniques, methods and theories that guide the study of the past. Students will learn how archaeological research is conducted and interpreted as well as how artifacts are located and preserved. Finally, students will learn about the relationship of material items to culture and what we can learn about past societies from these items.

    ASTRONOMY 1a & 1b (not a science credit)

    The purpose of this course is to help students develop an understanding and awareness of their own environment. The course includes a study of the solar system and stars, galaxies, constellations, eclipses, telescopes and celestial mechanics. Some history, instrumentation and career development are included. Field trips and evening viewing sessions are on a voluntary basis. ASTRONOMY 1b: This course presents a variety of subjects that allow the student to become more familiar with the universe. Students will explore the solar system, the sun, comets, asteroids, and meteors as well as become familiar with the concepts of space travel and settlements. Students will also examine the life cycle of stars and the properties of planets

    CAREERS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE

    Students will explore the criminal justice system from law enforcement to courts to corrections. They will learn how the juvenile justice system, the correctional system, and the trial process all work together to maintain social order. Students will be able to explore the many job opportunities available in the criminal justice system.

    CHILDCARE 1a & 1b

    This course provides the historical, theoretical, and developmental foundations for educating young children, with emphasis on creating inclusive environments and curricula for diverse children and their families. Topics include historical influences, program types, guidance strategies, professionalism, current trends and issues, and advocacy. Early Childhood Education 1b. In this course, students will learn more about the childhood experience and discover the joys of providing exceptional childcare and helping to develop future generations. Students will learn the importance of play and use it to build engaging educational activities that build literacy and math skills through each stage of childhood.

    CODING 1a & 1b

    Students will explore the role technology plays in our lives as well as the study of the fundamentals of computer science, review hardware and software. They will also discover how to create and build their own website using HTML and CSS and learn basic and complex commands and sequences as they become familiar with programming languages. ID CODING 1b: Students will continue to cultivate an understanding of programming languages and expand on website development. They will learn the difference between web development and web application development. Students will also examine software engineering concepts, learn more about security, privacy, and ethics in technology, and explore the wide variety of careers in computing. REQUIRED: Creating free accounts in https://pythonanywhere.com/ and https://www.draw.io/ and https://trinket.io.

    CRIMINOLOGY I

    This course is designed to introduce students to the study of criminology. This course will examine the criminal justice system, the role of state and federal governments in determining laws, criminal and civil cases, characteristics of serial crime and civil law (family law, contracts, and tort).

    CRITICAL THINKING

    In this course, students will practice critical thinking skills,learn test-taking strategies, time management and organization skills. They will build verbal competencies, and sharpen their mathematics reasoning, while acquiring essential learning strategies.

    DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY

    This course is only available via eLearning. This course focuses on the basic of photography, including building an understanding of aperture, shutter speed, lighting and composition. Students will be introduced to the history of photography and basic camera functions. Students will use the basic techniques of composition and camera functions to build a portfolio of images and capture people, landscapes, close-ups and action photographs. Students must have use of a digital camera. REQUIRED: Digital camera.

    EDUCATION AND CAREER ACTION PLAN (ECAP)

    This course will be a process that students use with support materials to clarify their career goals and refine their post-secondary plans. The class will help guide their decisions about the courses and activities they choose throughout high school and beyond. The ECAP class will give students “a voice and a choice” in personalizing education around their interests, skills and aspirations, so that they can maximize the opportunities available to them after graduation. In addition to meeting the AZ ECAP board rule requirement R7-2-302.05, the class will provide skills to allow students to look forward into the work force or their post-secondary plans.

    EXCEL (OFFICE SERIES)

    Students will discover the real world uses of Microsoft Excel and its impact upon business, academic, and personal applications. They will move from inserting and manipulating data, to working with tables, charts, graphs, and calculations.

    FASHION DESIGN

    Students explore what it is like to work in the fashion industry by exploring career possibilities and the background needed to pursue them. REQUIRED: Access to sewing machine.

    FORENSIC SCIENCE I & 2

    This course focuses on some of the techniques and practices used by forensic scientists during a crime scene investigation (CSI). Starting with how clues and data are recorded and preserved, the student will follow evidence trails until the CSI goes to trial, examining how various elements of the crime scene are analyzed and processed. FORENSIC SCIENCE II: This course focuses on the analysis of evidence and testing. Students will examine of the basic scientific principles and knowledge that guide forensic laboratory processes, such as those testing DNA, toxicology and material analysis.

    INTERIOR DESIGN

    Are you constantly redecorating your room? Get ready to try your hand at designing as you learn the basics of color and design, then test your skills through hands-on projects.

    INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS

    This course is designed to help students develop the appreciation, knowledge, skills, and abilities needed to live and work in a global marketplace. It takes a global view on business, investigating why and how companies go international and are more interconnected. The course further provides students a conceptual tool by which to understand how economic, social, cultural, political and legal factors influence both domestic and cross-border business.

    LEGAL STUDIES, INTRODUCTION TO

     In this course students will learn the importance of laws and consider how their application affects us as individuals and communities. Through understanding the court system and how laws are actually enacted, students will learn to appreciate the larger legal process and how it safeguards us all.

    MANUFACTURING, INTRODUCTION TO

    This course explores the various types of manufacturing systems and processes used to create the products we buy every day. Students will also be introduced to the various career opportunities in the manufacturing industry including those for engineers, technicians and supervisors. As a culminating project, students will plan their own manufacturing process for a new product or invention.

    MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

    Prerequisite: Biology I Students explore medical terminology and its symbols and abbreviations, as well as the application of this new language in health care. Students learn medical terms relating to body structure and function; and how to construct terms using word parts such as roots, suffixes, and prefixes.

    MILITARY CAREERS, INTRODUCTION TO

    This course will provide the information students will need to gain a broader understanding of how the military works. Students will learn about the five military branches – Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marine Corps, and Navy – and examine which jobs students might wish to pursue.

    MYTHOLOGY & FOLKLORE

    In this course students will learn an overview of mythology and different types of folklore. They will journey with age-old heroes as they slay dragons, outwit gods, defy fate, fight endless battles, and outwit clever monsters with strength and courage. Students will explore the universality and social significant of myths and folklore and see how these powerful tales continue to shape society even today. Course Title Brick/Mortar Course ID eLearn/Blended Course ID

     NUTRITION & WELLNESS

    Keeping our physical body healthy and happy is one of the many challenges people face and many do not know how best to achieve it. Students will learn that positive decisions around diet and food preparation are key to this process. In this class students will examine the essential skills needed to pursue a healthy, informed lifestyle.

    PERSONAL/ FAMILY FINANCE

    This course introduces students to basic financial habits such as setting financial goals, budgeting and creating financial plans. Students will learn more about topics such as taxation, financial institutions, credit and money management. The course also addresses how occupations and educational choices can influence personal financial planning and how individuals can protect themselves from identity theft.

    PRINCIPLES OF PUBLIC SERVICE

    This course explores the many areas of public service including education, civil engineering and social services. The specific skills needed to be successful in each area of public service will be discussed.

    PSYCHOLOGY, INTRODUCTION TO

    This course is a basic introduction to Psychology. This course covers the following domains: Scientific Inquiry Domain (History & Research Methods), Biopsychology Domain (Biological Bases, Consciousness, Sensation & Perception), Cognition Domain (Learning, Memory, Thinking, Language & Intelligence) Individual Variations Domain (Motivation, Emotion & Personality), Development & Learning Domain (Life Span Development), Individual Variations Domain (Psychology Disorders and Treatments), and Sociocultural Context Domain (social norms, behaviors & attitudes). Some controversial topics may be discussed.

    AP PSYCHOLOGY (AP tests are not given through SOL and families will need to find a different school to administer the test, please research this early if you choose an AP class)

    NOTE: This is a weighted course. This course is an introductory college-level psychology course. Students cultivate their understanding of the systematic and scientific study of human behavior and mental processes through inquiry-based investigations as they explore concepts like the biological bases of behavior, sensation and perception, learning and cognition, motivation, developmental psychology, testing and individual differences, treatment of abnormal behavior, and social psychology. Students who complete this course are encouraged to take the Advanced Placement exam in May. College Board has outlined the curricular requirements for this class.

    PUBLIC SPEAKING 1a & 1b

    Students will learn the practice of effective public speaking, including how to analyze the speeches of others, build a strong argument, and speak with confidence and flair. By the end of this course, students will know exactly what makes a truly successful speech and will be able to put that knowledge to practical use. PUBLIC SPEAKING 1b: Students will continue to bring their speeches to life by learning about body language, vocal, and other techniques. Students will learn about logic and reason while gaining the confidence to help create and deliver great presentations and speeches. Students will also critically examine their speeches and presentations and those of others to improve upon their own presentations.

    READING FOR COLLEGE SUCCESS

    Reading is a vital skill in the information age where we are constantly bombarded with a stream of information. Being able to determine and comprehend the main idea in this constant flow is imperative to success in both the academic world, and in the world of work.

    RESTAURANT MANAGEMENT

    In this course students will learn exactly what is needed to run a successful restaurant, including ordering supplies, hiring quality workers, maintaining inventory, and managing a large staff. Understanding such concepts as food safety, hygiene, customer relations, marketing, and using a point-of-sale system are crucial to being an effective restaurateur. REQUIRED: Digital camera or camera phone. Access to stove/grill/microwave.

    SOCIAL MEDIA, INTRODUCTION TO

    Students will learn the ins and outs of social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, Google+ and more. They will also discover other types of social media and how to use them to their benefit –personally, academically and eventually, professionally as well.

    SOCIOLOGY, INTRODUCTION TO

    This course examines the basic principles and methods important to the study of human interaction in society. Emphasis is placed on the study of Sociological Perspectives & Methods of Inquiry, Social Structure: Culture, Social Structure: Socialization & Social Structure, Society, Groups, Organizations, Deviance, & Social Control, Stratification & Inequality, Social Institutions, and Social Change. Some controversial topics may be discussed.

    SPORTS AND EVENTS MARKETING

    Students will have the opportunity to explore basic marketing principles and delve deeper into the multi-billion dollar sports and entertainment marketing industry. This course introduces fundamentals of the process behind the scenes of a major sporting event, such as the Super Bowl, or how to play a role in such an event.

    THE LORD OF THE RINGS (AN EXPLORATION OF THE FILMS AND THEIR LITERARY INFLUENCE)

    Hobbits, Orcs, wizards, dashing knights and powerful elves are all part of the magic created in J. R. R. Tolkien’s famously epic tale, The Lord of the Rings. What does it take to transport these well-known images like Gollum and the Shire from dusty pages to the giant screen? In this course students will see first-hand how classic literature can become modern film and bring the fantasy alive. REQUIRED: Access to The Lord of the Rings trilogy films.

    THINKING AND LEARNING STRATEGIES

    Train your brain’s thinking skills and get fit for academics! Through reading, writing and math activities, students develop critical thinking skills and test-taking strategies. Students also gain reading, writing, organization, and study-strategies – a powerful tool for any student at any level.

    VETERINARY SCIENCE

    As animals play an increasingly important role in our lives, scientists have sought to learn more about their health and well-being. This course will examine some of the common diseases and treatments for domestic animals, including pets that live in our homes, animals on farms, in zoos and wildlife sanctuaries. Toxins, parasites, and infectious diseases impact not only the animals around us, but at times us humans as well. The prevention and treatment of diseases and health issues is studied and applied through veterinary medicine and science.

    WOMEN’S STUDIES: A PERSONAL JOURNEY THROUGH FILM, INTRODUCTION TO

    Although this course focuses on the experience of women, it is appropriate for anyone who wants to learn to critically examine films while learning about the history of the women’s movement and how gender, race, and social class influence us. REQUIRED: Access to the following films: Mona Lisa Smile, Fried Green Tomatoes, Far From Heaven, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (Disney animation), Beauty and the Beast (Disney Animation), Mean Girls, The Help and A League of Their Own.